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Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center

Archaeology Terms

Bison Scapula Hoes

November 29, 2018

Shown in photo center, two overlapping bison scapula hoes found at the bottom of Feature 45 at the Meier Farm Site (47LC432), La Crosse County, Wisconsin. These specimens showed signs of use, but were far form exhausted and were probably…

Lanceolate Blade

November 8, 2018

This large, thin lanceolate blade was found during excavations in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District (SAD) in La Crosse, Wisconsin. When found, the blade was vertical, tip down, as if it had been holding something in place.…

Button – Great Coat

November 1, 2018

One “Great Coat” military button was recovered in 2006 from an early 1830s into the 1840s privy in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. The Great Coat button has an eagle and the letters “U.S.” on it and was generally associated with…

Great Coat Button

November 1, 2018

One “Great Coat” military button was recovered in 2006 from an early 1830s into the 1840s privy in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. The Great Coat button has an eagle and the letters “U.S.” on it and was generally associated with…

Pipe – Copper Tubing

September 20, 2018

Smoking pipes are often one of the most numerous artifacts found on historic sites. This repaired bowl fragment was recovered during the 2006 excavations of an early 1830s-1840s privy in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin.  Copper tubing was used to fashion…

Anomalous Globular Vessel – Sunburst

September 13, 2018

This unusual pot sherd was recovered in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District in La Crosse, Wisconsin. This portion of a shoulder has a small, circular impression with a fine tool trail encircling it. Small linear punctates radiate…

Rockshelter

August 30, 2018

Rockshelters are shallow caves or shelters exposed in hillsides. Native peoples often used such places for winter camping because they provided shelter and protection from the wind and cold. Sites such as Raddatz Rockshelter and Preston Rockshelter in southwestern Wisconsin…

Woodland Points

August 23, 2018

Forty-four projectile points were recovered during the 2008 excavations at the Sand Lake Archaeological District, located north of La Crosse, Wisconsin. Seven of the points are relatively large straight or contracting stemmed forms that conform typologically with Early Woodland Kramer…