Sign up for e-News Donate
Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center

Site Snippets

Sand Lake Archaeological District – Copper Artifacts

April 11, 2019

These four pieces of copper were found during 2008 excavations at the Sand Lake Archaeological District near Onalaska, Wisconsin. All of the copper was in good condition. The cultural affiliation of these artifacts is hard to determine, but Sand Lake…

Second Fort Crawford – Hinges

March 21, 2019

During the 1999 excavations at Second Fort Crawford in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin sixteen door hinge and hinge fragments were found. Eleven hinges were recovered in the Officers’ Quarters, three were recovered in the Enlisted Men’s Quarters, and two in…

Running Deer – Bird and Human

March 14, 2019

These petroglyphs possibly represent a bird (left) and human (right).  They are from the Running Deer site in Juneau County, Wisconsin.  The date for the creation of the petroglyphs cannot be determined as no cultural materials have been found at…

Sanford Archaeological District – Anomalous Globular Vessel

February 28, 2019

This globular vessel, recovered during excavations in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District in La Crosse, Wisconsin, does not conform to typical Oneota phase attributes.  The shoulder has two parallel, arching tool trails filled in with small punctates,…

Viola Rockshelter

January 31, 2019

The Viola Rockshelter is partway up a small ravine in the bluffs that form the deeply cut Kickapoo River Valley in Vernon County, Wisconsin. A petroglyph panel at the site has three groups of figures, including the human figure and possible…

Sand Lake Archaeological District – Woodland Clay Pipe

January 24, 2019

These fragments of at least one grit-tempered clay pipe were recovered from several locations during 2008 excavations in the Sand Lake Archaeological District north of La Crosse, Wisconsin. They include the base of the stem, mid-stem fragments, and a bowl fragment…

Sand Lake Archaeological District – Catfish Cleithrums

January 3, 2019

The largest species of catfish in the Upper Mississippi River is commonly called the mudcat or flathead catfish (scientific name, Pylodictis olivaris), which can weigh more than 100 pounds. Bones from large mudcats have been found in excavations at many…