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Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center

Site Snippets

Sand Lake Archaeological District – Catfish Cleithrums

January 3, 2019

The largest species of catfish in the Upper Mississippi River is commonly called the mudcat or flathead catfish (scientific name, Pylodictis olivaris), which can weigh more than 100 pounds. Bones from large mudcats have been found in excavations at many…

Sanford Archaeological District – Perrot Punctate Variant

December 20, 2018

This Oneota vessel exhibits a slight variant on the nested chevron design: a panel of four upside-down, oblique tool trails with vertical tool trails inside the oblique lines, and a border of long, thin punctates around the entire panel. Additional…

Meier Farm – Bison Scapula Hoes

November 29, 2018

Shown in photo center, two overlapping bison scapula hoes found at the bottom of Feature 45 at the Meier Farm Site (47LC432), La Crosse County, Wisconsin. These specimens showed signs of use, but were far form exhausted and were probably…

Gullickson – Deer

November 22, 2018

Petroglyph (rock carving) of a deer from Gullickson’s Glenn in Jackson County, Wisconsin.  Findings suggest that Native Americans were occupying the rockshelter as long as 2,000 years ago, although the petroglyphs probably do not date farther back than 800 years…

Sanford Archaeological District – Lanceolate Blade

November 8, 2018

This large, thin lanceolate blade was found during excavations in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District (SAD) in La Crosse, Wisconsin. When found, the blade was vertical, tip down, as if it had been holding something in place.…

Midway Village – 1988 Excavations

October 18, 2018

During the summer of 1988, MVAC mounted an intensive salvage excavation project at the Midway Village, located north of La Crosse, Wisconsin.  With the cooperation of the landowner and the sand/gravel mining company it was possible to plan an entire…

Gullickson – Fish

October 4, 2018

Petroglyph of a fish (possibly a catfish) from Gullickson’s Glen, a small overhanging rock shelter in the Driftless Area of southwestern Wisconsin.  Petroglyphs (carvings) at the site occur at the center of the shelter and on either edge.  The central…