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Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center

Archaeology Terms

Scrapers – Sand Lake Archaeological District

July 9, 2020

These scrapers were recovered during the 2008 excavations at the Sand Lake Archaeological District, located north of La Crosse, Wisconsin.  The scrapers in the top two rows are made of chert while the two in the bottom row are made…

Oneota Vessel 57 – Sanford Archaeological District

July 2, 2020

This Oneota vessels has a “goal post” design consisting of alternating panels of vertical and horizontal tool trails with punctate borders.  Recovered during excavations in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District in La Crosse, Wisconsin.

Serrated Point

June 25, 2020

This small Madison Triangular point with serrated edges is made of silicified sandstone. It is only 18.4 mm (less than 3/4 inch) long, 16.7 mm long, and 4.8 mm thick, and weighs 1.4 grams (1/20 of an ounce). Triangular points…

Discoidal

June 18, 2020

This discoidal has circular impressions in the centers of both sides that do not go all the way through. It was recovered during excavations in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District in La Crosse, Wisconsin. Discoidals are generally…

Yellowware Chamber Pot

June 11, 2020

This chamber pot has brown and white annular ware stripes and measures about 5½ inches tall, 9 inches in diameter at the rim, and 5¼ inches in diameter at the base. Yellowware chamber pots were sold both with and without…

Celt

May 28, 2020

This celt is made of pecked and ground basalt. It was recovered during the 2008 excavations at the Sand Lake Archaeological District located north of La Crosse, Wisconsin. This celt is somewhat asymmetrical, with a narrow, but highly polished bit…

Elk Scapula Hoe

May 21, 2020

This well-preserved hoe is made from the left scapula (shoulder blade) of an adult elk. The blade is worn, rounded, and polished from use as a hoe. The hole punched or chipped through the center is worn along the edges,…

Oneota Vessel 55

May 14, 2020

The paste and form of this vessel is consistent with La Crosse Oneota pottery; however, the rim and the decorative motif do not fit the typical pattern. This vessel has a typical Perrot Punctate motif, but the rim is decorated…

Lead and Pewter Military Buttons

May 7, 2020

Seventy-five lead and pewter 4 holed military buttons were recovered during the 1999 excavations at Second Fort Crawford in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. This included fifty-seven from the Enlisted Men’s Quarters, eleven from the Boardwalk outside the Enlisted Men’s Quarters,…

Pewter and Lead Military Buttons

May 7, 2020

Seventy-five lead and pewter 4 holed military buttons were recovered during the 1999 excavations at Second Fort Crawford in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. This included fifty-seven from the Enlisted Men’s Quarters, eleven from the Boardwalk outside the Enlisted Men’s Quarters,…