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Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center

Site Snippets

Sanford Archaeological District – Discoidal

June 18, 2020

This discoidal has circular impressions in the centers of both sides that do not go all the way through. It was recovered during excavations in the early 2000s at the Sanford Archaeological District in La Crosse, Wisconsin. Discoidals are generally…

Sand Lake Archaeological District – Celt

May 28, 2020

This celt is made of pecked and ground basalt. It was recovered during the 2008 excavations at the Sand Lake Archaeological District located north of La Crosse, Wisconsin. This celt is somewhat asymmetrical, with a narrow, but highly polished bit…

Sanford Archaeological District – Oneota Vessel 55

May 14, 2020

The paste and form of this vessel is consistent with La Crosse Oneota pottery; however, the rim and the decorative motif do not fit the typical pattern. This vessel has a typical Perrot Punctate motif, but the rim is decorated…

Second Fort Crawford – Lead and Pewter Military Buttons

May 7, 2020

Seventy-five lead and pewter 4 holed military buttons were recovered during the 1999 excavations at Second Fort Crawford in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. This included fifty-seven from the Enlisted Men’s Quarters, eleven from the Boardwalk outside the Enlisted Men’s Quarters,…

Sand Lake Archaeological District – Mano

April 30, 2020

This mano, or handheld grinding stone, is made of a whitish granite that probably came from glacial outwash deposited along the Mississippi and Black Rivers. It has one distinctly flat surface with minor pitting in the center from slight hammering.…

Sanford Archaeological District – Bone Whistle

April 23, 2020

Whistles made from long bones of large birds (e.g., goose) are sometimes found at local Oneota sites. This short, heavily worked section of bird long bone can probably be classified as a whistle, although its form is unusual. The surface…

Sanford Archaeological District – Bone Needles

March 19, 2020

These two pieces of worked bone have polish and perforations and were probably needle-related implements of some type. The top needle (or perhaps a shuttle?) is a narrow, fairly flat section of long bone from a bird. It has a…

Overhead – Woodland Pottery – Linn Ware

March 12, 2020

This Woodland tradition, Linn Ware vessel was found during the 1983 excavations at the Overhead site south of La Crosse, Wisconsin. The vessel was found in a pottery concentration that had no visible staining or charcoal flecks. The vessel is…